## Total Internal Reflection When light is incident upon a medium of lesser index of refraction, the ray is bent away from the normal, so the exit angle is greater than the incident angle. Such reflection is commonly called "internal reflection". The exit angle will then approach 90° for some criticalincident angle q The critical angle can be calculated from Snell's law by setting the refraction angle equal to 90°. Total internal reflection is important in fiber optics and is employed in polarizing prisms. For any angle of incidence less than the critical angle, part of the incident light will be transmitted and part will be reflected. The normal incidence reflection coefficient can be calculated from the indices of refraction. For non-normal incidence, the transmission and reflection coefficients can be calculated from the Fresnel equations. If values for n
| Index Reflection concepts | ||

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