Refraction and the Eye

Refraction is the phenomenon which makes image formation possible by the eye as well as by cameras and other systems of lenses.

Most of that refraction in the eye takes place at the first surface, since the transition from the air into the cornea is the largest change in index of refraction which the light experiences. About 80% of the refraction occurs in the cornea and about 20% in the inner crystalline lens.

While the inner lens is the smaller portion of the refraction, it is the total source of the ability to accommodate the focus of the eye for the viewing of close objects. For the normal eye, the inner lens can change the total focal length of the eye by 7-8%.

Common eye defects are often called "refractive errors" and they can usually be corrected by relatively simple compensating lenses.

Comparison of eye and camera
Index

Vision concepts

Camera concepts
 
HyperPhysics***** Light and Vision R Nave
Go Back





The Camera and the Eye

Images are formed in a cameraby refraction in a manner similar to image formation in the eye. However, accommodation to image closer objects is done differently in the eye and camera.

Accommodation comparison for eye and camera
Index

Vision concepts

Camera concepts
 
HyperPhysics***** Light and Vision R Nave
Go Back